EMC Analytical Services specializes in Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) for DoD systems and systems of systems. EMC Analytical Services combines EMC expertise with a system's engineering approach to identify and resolve problems throughout the system lifecycle.
At EMC Analytical Services, we believe that system performance within the electromagnetic environment is the result of consideration throughout the system lifecycle. Ensuring EMC begins with an understanding of the environment and the system CONOPS and continues throughout the life of the program. EMC Analytical Services offers engineering services supporting all phases of the system lifecycle. Whether during a review of the environment or during system validation, EMC Analytical Services has the experience and expertise to ensure EMC.
EMC Analytical Services is a SAM registered small business based in Bedford, New Hampshire.
CAGE Code: 57EV8
Primary NAICS Code: 541330
DCAA Approved Accounting System
DoD systems are required to survive and operate in complex electromagnetic environments (EMEs). The specific EME will vary greatly depending on the system CONOPS. Understanding the EME and its impact on system performance is the first step in assuring EMC.
In general, the EME is defined as the sum of electromagnetic interference; electromagnetic pulse; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel, ordnance, and volatile materials; and natural phenomena effects of lightning and precipitation static.
EMC Analytical Services supports EME definition and derivation as well as system specific EME requirements flow down.
Whenever practical, early engineering level testing should be performed. However, in many cases, this testing is simply not feasible. While no substitution for test data, analytical tools can provide early insight into system performance within the intended EME. Analytical tools can be used to identify requirements flow down, reduce design risk and verify requirements.
EMC Analytical Services performs various E3 analysis including shielding effectiveness, conducted and radiated emissions and susceptibility, EMP, HERO and high level EME survivability and operability.
EMC does not happen by accident. If a system is not designed with E3 considerations, it simply will not meet its requirements. Once the requirements have been established, the design phase of a system development is the most cost effective place to address E3.
Designing for EMC requires an integrated approach that encompasses electrical, mechanical, systems and in some cases software engineering. Each stage in the design process provides an opportunity to improve or degrade system performance.
EMC Analytical Services provides design consultation and program support for typical high risk design areas including power supply filtering, high speed data interfaces, fast rise time pulsed signals, external cable interfaces, grounding, enclosures and front end protection circuits for receiving systems.
E3 test data and results are only as good as the test itself. There are countless nuances to quality E3 testing. An in depth understanding of requirements and the interpretation of the requirements based on years of experience is needed to ensure a properly conducted test.
There are numerous types of E3 tests ranging from unique direct injection survivability tests to MIL-STD-461 tests. Even standardized MIL-STD-461 testing will vary greatly from system to system depending on specific requirements, system operational modes and platform integration.
EMC Analytical Services has experience in a wide array of E3 testing and an in-depth understanding of test requirements. Whether you organization needs on site test support, test witnessing or field testing, EMC Analytical Services has the expertise to ensure proper testing and valid results.
A fixed union between two objects that results in electrical conductivity between them. The union may occur either from physical contact between conducting surfaces of the objects or from the addition of a firm electrical connection.
An emission that has a spectral energy distribution that is wide compared to a referenced bandwidth, such as that of the susceptible receptor or the measuring receiver.
Conducted Emission (CE)
EMI that is directly coupled through conduction. Typically generated inside equipment and transferred through power lines, I/O lines, or control leads.
Conducted Susceptibility (CS)
The determination or measurement of a device's capability to function in the presence of undesirable conducted EMI.
Effective Radiated Power (ERP)
The product of a transmitter power output and the antenna gain, taking into consideration any losses from the transmission line, connectors, couplers, etc.
Electric Field (E-Field)
The potential gradient of a radiated wave measured in volts/m.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
The capability of equipment or systems to be used in their intended environment within designed efficiency levels without causing or receiving degradation due to unintentional EMI.
Electromagnetic Environment (EME)
The sum of electromagnetic interference; electromagnetic pulse; hazards of electromagnetic radiation to personnel, ordnance, and volatile materials; and natural phenomena effects of lightning, static and EMP.
Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (EEE) or (E3)
Group of EMC disciplines used to properly address the EMC environment over the system life cycle.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
Any electromagnetic disturbance, phenomenon, signal, or emission that causes, or is capable of causing, undesired responses or degradation of performance in electrical or electronic equipment.
Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP)
A broadband, high-intensity, short-duration burst of electromagnetic energy most commonly the result of nuclear detonations.
Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR)
The emission of energy in the form of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic Vulnerability (EMV)
The characteristics of electrical or electronic equipment/systems that cause it to suffer degradation or failure in performance as a result of electromagnetic interference.
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)
A transfer of electric charge between bodies of different electrostatic potential in proximity or through direct contact.
In EMI applications, this term applies to unintentional radiators, particularly those that are the source of interference. Otherwise, the term refers to the intentional radiators such as transmitter antennas.
The connection of an electric circuit or equipment to Earth or a conductive body of relatively large extent in place of Earth. The connection or bonding of an equipment case, chassis, bus, or frame to a conductive object or structure to ensure a common potential.
An emission that has a spectral energy distribution that is narrow compared to a referenced bandwidth.
Radiated Emission (RE)
Desired or undesired electromagnetic energy that is propagated into or across space, either as a transverse electromagnetic wave or by capacitive or inductive coupling.
Radiated Susceptibility (RS)
The determination or measurement of a device's capability to function in the presence of undesirable radiated EMI from external electromagnetic sources.
Radio Frequency (RF) Compatibility
The ability of antenna-connected RF receiver and transmitter subsystems operating within a system to function properly without performance degradation caused by antenna-to-antenna coupling.
The ratio of the signal received without a shield to the signal received inside a shield.
The inability of equipment/systems to perform without degradation in the presence of an electromagnetic disturbance.
While not a complete list by any means, below is a list of commonly used E3 standards and specifications for DoD systems.
|MIL-STD-461||DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTERFACE STANDARD REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT|
|MIL-STD-462||DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST METHOD STANDARD FOR MEASUREMENT OF
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE CHARACTERISTICS|
|MIL-STD-464||DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTERFACE STANDARD ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS REQUIREMENTS FOR SYSTEMS|
|MIL-STD-704||DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTERFACE STANDARD AIRCRAFT ELECTRIC POWER CHARACTERISTICS|
|MILITARY STANDARD INTERFACE STANDARD FOR SHIPBOARD SYSTEMS SECTION 300 ELECTRIC POWER, ALTERNATING CURRENT (METRIC)|
|MIL-STD-1310||DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STANDARD PRACTICE FOR SHIPBOARD BONDING, GROUNDING, AND OTHER TECHNIQUES FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND SAFETY|
|RTCA-DO160|| ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND TEST PROCEDURES FOR AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT|
|ADS-37A-PRF||AERONAUTICAL DESIGN STANDARD ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS (E3)|
| INTERFACE STANDARD FOR SHIPBOARD SYSTEMS SECTION 070 - PART 1 D.C. MAGNETIC FIELD ENVIRONMENT (METRIC)|
|NAVSEA OD 30393|| DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES FOR CONTROLLING HAZARDS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION TO ORDNANCE (HERO DESIGN GUIDE)|
|NAVSEA OP 3565|| TECHNICAL MANUAL ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION HAZARDS (HAZARDS TO ORDNANCE)|
EMC Analytical Services has been awarded a Seaport-e Prime contract N00178-10-D-6016. No task orders have been awarded to date.
EMC Analytical Services has a corporate commitment to provide high quality services with a goal to always exceed customer requirements and expectations. It is our belief that the only way to grow a small business is through quality service. Our Program Manager is responsible for continual monitoring of task order implementation and review of all deliverables to ensure that only high quality products are provided. Maintaining high quality in service oriented programs begins with understanding customer requirements and expectations as well as maintaining a specific dialogue with customers on the quality of deliverables and overall support efforts.
We consider the customer's requirements the minimum acceptable level of quality that can be provided. Task order project plans include specific procedures for ensuring quality support and review of products, including the specific individuals that will have review responsibility. Quality metrics are based on frequent customer interaction, and include surveys and requests for feedback. Finally, since the customer gets the final word on product quality, every task order plan includes specific procedures for soliciting and documenting customer feedback.
Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Engineering and Technical Services Support
Prime Contractor: URS
Prime Contractor POC: Rebecca Payne 540-663-9300
Government POC: William Lenzi 504-663-3471
EMC Analytical Services has provided E3 engineering support services to the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) E3 Assessment and Evaluation Branch (Q52) through a subcontract with URS since February 2008. This support includes test plan and report development and review related to MIL-STD-461, analysis of results, assessment of failures relative to platform impact, test lab capability development and improvement and test witnessing on behalf of NSWCDD Q52.
Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) support
Prime Contractor: GDIT
Prime Contractor POC: Phil Corbett 843- 329-1147
Government POC: Wayne Lutzen 843-218-5723
EMC Analytical Services has provided E3 engineering support services to the SPAWAR Systems Center, Atlantic's, E3 Branch (Code 220.127.116.11) through a subcontract with General Dynamics Information Technology, Inc. since July 2009. This support includes test plan and report development and review related to MIL-STD-461, analysis of results, assessment of failures relative to platform impact, test lab capability development and improvement, spectrum engineering support and Spectrum/E3training program development.
All SeaPort-e related inquires should be directed to:
42 Rice Lane
Bedford, NH 03110
Dec 16, 2019
Bedford defense contractor to acquire Virginia company
BEDFORD, NH — Bedford defense contractor EMC Analytical Services (EMCAS) is acquiring EMC
Management Concepts, a company based in Sterling, Va., EMCAS announced Monday. Financial terms
of the all-cash, all-stock deal were not disclosed.
Union Leader Article
The combined company, which will include 19 employees, plans to offer Electromagnetic Environmental
Effects (E3) and Spectrum Supportability (SS) engineering consulting solutions to the government and
commercial sectors, EMCAS said.
E3 testing tests the ability of a system to operate in its intended electromagnetic environment.
Spectrum supportability ensures the necessary frequencies and bandwidth are available to military
systems in order to maintain effective interoperability, according to Defense Acquisition University, an
industry trade group.
EMC Management Concepts, founded in 2002, offers services that include resolving electromagnetic
interference issues in military systems, according to a release.
EMCAS, founded in 2008, provides system level technical support and solutions in the E3 arena, the
company said. It currently supports military and commercial organizations in New Hampshire;
Massachusetts; Maryland; Washington, D.C.; Virginia; and South Carolina.
EMCAS will acquire EMC Management Concepts effective Jan. 1. The combined business will operate
under the EMCAS brand.
"EMCAS has worked closely with EMC Management Services for several years due to the parallel nature
of our respective disciplines," said Anthony Keys, president of EMCAS, in a statement. "The merger of
the two firms will allow EMCAS to expand our client base and offer a more complete E3 and SS range of
services to our existing and future clients."
Tony is the President and founder of EMCAS. Tony formed EMCAS in 2008 and has over 29 years of
E3 engineering experience. His experience covers a wide range of E3 specialty areas from a
multitude of organizational aspects including E3 support contracting, DOD E3 service, and DOD
system development. Tony worked for several years supporting the US Navy's HERO program and
TOMAHAWK Missile and shipboard E3 engineering programs before joining the staff at BAE Systems
where he served as the lead E3 engineer on a variety of programs supporting all military branches.
Tony holds an MS degree in Systems Engineering from The John's Hopkins University and a BS
degree in Physics from The University of Mary Washington and is a NARTE-certified EMC Engineer.
Brian has a long career providing E3 and Spectrum Supportability systems engineering and program
management services to the DOD, including the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR), the Joint
Spectrum Center (JSC) and the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division. After working for
several companies in the E3 engineering business, Brian started EMC Management Concepts in 2002
which merged with EMCAS in 2020. Brian serves as the primary business developer and provides
direct E3 program management support to several Navy offices and the JSC. He leads contract
efforts to develop and deliver E3 and Spectrum Supportability training to the acquisition community.
Brian holds an MS degree in Systems Engineering from The John's Hopkins University and a BS
degree in Aerospace Engineering from VA Tech and is a NARTE-certified EMC Engineer.
Mike has over 30 years of diverse E3 experience. Mike is the lead EMCAS E3 Engineer at NIWC-LANT
in Charleston, SC. Mike began his career designing and incorporating inexpensive EMI suppression
methods into a new line of portable oscilloscopes. In 1982, he joined Sanders (now BAE Systems)
where he was responsible for military E3 product design for MIL-STD-461 and MIL-STD-464
compliance. He led and managed E3 efforts for numerous military electronics systems from
proposal through production. In 2000, he joined Spike Broadband Systems as principal regulatory
compliance specialist. Mike provided EMC, safety, and radio system compliance design
recommendations for multiple equipment development efforts. He served as an independent E3
consultant for various companies (including REMEC and Northrop Grumman) prior to joining
Raytheon in 2004 as lead member of the DDG1000 E3 engineering team where he directed and
performed E3 tasks for several DDG1000 mission systems equipment teams with focus on EMP,
lightning protection, and topside design issues. He returned to BAE Systems in 2007 and served as a
lead E3 engineer on various DoD programs including ATIRCM, IRCM, EW and space-based projects.
DIANA (DI) DUNTY
Mike has a BS ME degree from Carnegie Mellon University and is a NARTE-certified EMC Engineer.
Di started with the Illinois Institute of Technology Research Institute (IITRI) as a technician and
worked on various Marine Corp and Navy EMC-related projects. Di has worked for SENTEL
Corporation as a Senior Data Analyst and was later promoted to Assistant Engineer upon receiving a
degree from UMUC. While at SENTEL, she worked on various E3 related projects in support of
Marine Corp, Navy, and Army such as AEGIS and various Unmanned Aerial Systems. Di provides E3
engineering and graphics/web design support for the Joint Spectrum Center's E3 training projects
and the Naval Air Systems Command's (NAVAIRs) EMI Corrective Action Program (ASEMICAP)
Di graduated from the University of Maryland University College (UMUC) with a degree in Computer
Management and Information Systems.
Hans has a diverse background as a Navy Technician in areas developing an overall E3 expertise,
with over 14 years of Naval experience serving in various Aircraft Carriers, Naval Stations, and
Squadrons, to include the Naval Aviation Enterprise Project Improvement projects. He served as an
Aviation Ordnance Technician, an F/A-18 Maintenance Operator, Intermediate Level Maintenance
Technician and as a staff member of the Strike Fighter Wing, Atlantic. He served as a technical
expert, managed, provided essential research, and directed field operations and maintenance of
aviation ordnance and aircraft armament system testing and repair. He was instrumental in the
development and management of the HERO instruction for electromagnetic sensitive circuitry in
weapons armament equipment.
Hans holds a BS degree in Professional Aeronautics from Embry-Riddle University.
Dennis is a Navy veteran with over 35 years of experience in government contracting. In the Navy,
Dennis commissioned the USS La Moure County (LST 1194), and served as 3M Coordinator and
Electronics Material Officer. He also ran the Meteorological and Oceanographic Equipment
Technical Liaison Office repair shop at Fleet Weather Central in Norfolk. In industry, Dennis worked
for Tracor, Inc., RCA Service Company / Lockheed Martin, and Veridian Engineering. As a contractor,
he worked with the Navy's Main Board of Inspection and Survey (INSURV) as Communications
Inspector during the Acceptance and Final Contract Trials of the Spruance class Destroyers and the
Underway Material Inspections (UMI) of various Active Fleet ships. Dennis served as TEMPEST
Program Manager for Commander, Naval Surface Force, US Atlantic Fleet under contract with
NAVSEA. He was instructor for the Shipboard TEMPEST Inspector's Course, and certified active duty
and civil service personnel as TEMPEST Inspectors. He also inspected the TEMPEST security posture
of approximately 50 ships each year, and provided guidance to shipyards, SUPSHIPs, SPAWAR, and
Fleet personnel in the proper installation of classified information processing systems. Dennis has
provided TEMPEST and EMI/EMC services to the Coast Guard's Maintenance and Logistics
Command, Atlantic (MLCA) and Telecommunication and Information Systems Command (TISCOM),
including authoring the Coast Guard's TEMPEST criteria COMDTINST 2241.5A, and investigating and
solving complex EMI and TEMPEST problem in the Fleet.
Dennis holds a BS degree in Management from Almeda University.
Jim's expertise in Spectrum and E3 originates from years in the U.S. Army as a trained Spectrum
Manager and subsequently as a DoD contractor supporting the Joint Staff J6. In his previous position
he was a Senior-level Spectrum Analyst responsible for developing operational plans and procedures
for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs as well as supporting the Combatant Commands Spectrum
Offices. He coordinated closely with the Service Spectrum Offices and assisted numerous Program
Management Offices in coordinating spectrum and SSRA requirements. He has authored and edited
key DoD regulatory policies and manuals, conducted complete rewrites of Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) Instructions and Manuals and lead as the first contractor elected to be Steering
Member of the MCEB Spectrum Operations Working Group. He led and assisted this group of
subject matter experts in providing guidance and procedural information to developers and
ensuring the effective operation and further automation of the DoD Radio Frequency Resource
Record System (FRRS). He represented the U.S. as alternate and provided support to the primary
Government representative during international meetings of the Combined Communications and
Electronics Board (CCEB) and 3 NATO Subcommittees.
Jim holds a BS in Computer Science from the University of Maryland European Campus.
Joe has over 34 years of E3 engineering experience in Naval Aviation. He is an E3 technical expert,
possessing an in-depth knowledge of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC), Electromagnetic Vulnerability (EMV), Lightning, P-Static, Radiation Hazards to
Personnel (HERP) Ordnance (HERO), and Fuels (HERF), Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP), electrical
bonding, and directed energy weapons (DEW) protection phenomena and their application to
aircraft, systems, and sub-systems. Joe has served as the lead E3 engineer in the Force Warfare
(FW) group for the Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Engineering Branch, AIR 18.104.22.168,
within the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR).
Joe holds a BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Penn State University and is a NARTE-certified
Cedric is a retired Naval Aviation Electronics Technician First Class (AT1) with 20 years of service in
Aviation maintenance, trouble shooting and repair, as well as piloting Unmanned Air Vehicles. He
was first stationed with the VP-46 Grey Knights in Whidbey Island, Washington where he learned intermediate repair of APN-187 Doppler Navigation Radar, ARN-87 Navigation Radio, and 51V4 Glide
Slope Receiver. After that he completed the six-month Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) career
course and checked in with the VAQ-130 Zappers and deployed on USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN
71) and USS Enterprise (CVN 65). He then received orders to Fleet Composite Six (VC-6) Detachment
Patuxent River, MD and became a RQ-2B Pioneer UAV Pilot followed by 11 months deployed in
support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, "flying" over 1500 flight hours. That work was followed by a
tour with Air Test and Evaluation Squadron One (VX-1) at Pax River MD where he was tasked with
standing up the squadron's MQ-8B Fire Scout detachment. His last posting was aboard USS George
H. W. Bush (CVN 77) after which he retired to Patuxent River, MD, working for Northrop Grumman
as a MQ-8B Fire Scout Ground Control Station (GCS) Technician. He is now part of NAVAIR's Air
Systems EMI Corrective Action Program (ASEMICAP), investigating and resolving Fleet aviation EMI
Stacy is retired from the USMC with over twenty years of experience in communications platform
operations, planning, supervision, installation, maintenance, inspection of ground and satellite
wireless electronic data systems, software and test equipment. He has over eleven years of
experience specializing in Radio Frequency/Spectrum Management engineering, with demonstrated
expert knowledge in spectrum supportability and a comprehensive understanding of
communications regulations, performing radio communications planning and requesting
communications equipment and data network support. He is currently supporting NAVAIR's
Spectrum Relocation Fund activities for various program offices. He also has over nine years of
experience in management usage and destruction of secret/top secret cryptologic keying material
and equipment audits, and possess excellent communication, organization, procedure
familiarization, troubleshooting, and documentation skills.
Mario is an experienced telecommunications specialist with 20 years' experience in frequency usage
and management. He's an exceptional team leader, adept at supervising and training spectrum and
frequency management related tasks and personnel. His specific experience includes: Organization
and coordination of Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) resources with Joint, Allied, National and
International Organizations for the Department of the Navy (DON). Procurement of the required
frequency resources, and the engineering of frequency assignments to satisfy DON operational
requirements in construction and fulfillment of COMSECONDFLT Operation Task Communications
(OPTASK COMMS) plan using the Afloat Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Program (AESOP).
Supported spectrum requirements to include all DON tactical, non-tactical, operational, exercise,
administrative, assignments, temporary assignments, spectrum certification requirements,
frequency assignments and coordination processes that included foreign and domestic Spectrum
Management (SM) support. Collected and interpreted frequency requests from various
organizations and agencies. Coordinated with frequency managers to fulfill and assign radio
frequencies to satisfy user requirements utilizing Spectrum XXI program (SXXI). Extensive
knowledge of National Telecommunications Information Administration (NTIA) Radio Frequency
Management Rules and Regulations as they pertain to DoD and Federal Assignment and
Certification processes within the United States.
Colin joined the EMCAS staff in 2018 as a Junior E3 Engineer. Colin provides engineering support to
the NSWCDD RADHAZ program including HERO, HERP and HERF at our Dahlgren, VA office. He has
also performed analysis related to HERO and HERF issues associated with NASA programs and
launch sites at Wallops Island Flight Facility.
Colin has a BS EE from George Mason University.
Theo joined the EMCAS staff in 2019 as a Junior E3 Engineer. Theo provides engineering support to
the NSWCDD RADHAZ program including HERO, HERP and HERF at our Dahlgren, VA office.
Theo has a BA degree in Physics from Washington Jefferson College.
Prior to joining EMCAS, Jeff served as the lead engineer responsible for the calibration of shipboard
direction finding (DF) systems for the U.S. Navy. Jeff performed theoretical analysis and field studies
of EMI, HERP/HERF and ambient RF noise. He also served as a project engineer in the Ship Silencing
Section at Charleston Naval Shipyard (CNSYD), responsible for the selection, testing, calibration and
shipboard operation of the electronic data acquisition instrumentation used for acoustical and
Jeff holds a BS degree in Physics and a BS degree in Computer Science from The College of
Brian is a Navy veteran and brings over 30 years of Program and Analyst experience in support of
the department of the Navy, recently supporting all E3/SS related training activities in support of
NIWC LANT (previously SPAWAR). Experience includes the test, evaluation, planning, budgeting,
and execution of the U.S. Navy's Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) and Spectrum Program,
AN/BQQ-5 / 6(V) Submarine Sonar Suites, AN/SQQ-89(V) Surface Sonar Suites, and the SQQ-32 Mine
Hunting Sonar System. He has participated in cost saving programs and has knowledge of the
Navy's program analyst and financial systems, to include NEPS, ERP, and others. Has supported
iterative testing and evaluation events and supported analysis of technical systems for technical and
operational certifications. Participated in cross-functional process improvement teams to develop
plans and requirements utilizing DOD and Navy Directive, Instructions, Military
Standards/Handbooks, and Ship Design Criteria. Brian is experienced in Joint Capability Integrated
Decision System requirements and practices.
Brian holds an AS degree in Computer Programming from ECPI.
Mike is currently supporting the JSC's training efforts in the development of graphics, video and
animation for training products.
Mike holds an AAS degree in Communication Design and Interactive Design Specialization from
Northern Virginia Community College.